The Bangla script is derived from Brahmi script, which followed a different line of development from that of Devanagari and Oriyan scripts.

Just like most other languages Bengali is written from left to right and there are no capital letters. It has a continuous line at the top of the letters and the script has conjuncts, upstrokes and down strokes. The punctuation marks in Bangla alphabets were only adopted after the 19th-century English language.

Bangla is the state language of Bangladesh, and official language in the Indian states of West Bengal, Assam, and Tripura. It is also spoken by many immigrant communities in the United Kingdom, the United States and the Middle East.

Bangla Vowel Letters

Bangla vowel, also called Sworoborna (স্বরবর্ণ), represents those letters in Bengali that can be pronounced independently by themselves. They can be classified into independent and dependent vowels.

Independent vowel is used at the beginning of a syllable, whereas dependent vowel is used when the vowel follows a consonant.

Independent Vowels:


Dependent Vowels:


Two Part Dependent Vowel Signs:


Bangla Consonant Letters

Consonant in Bengali are also called vyanjanam (വ്യഞ്ജനം) and it represent those letters that cannot be pronounced independently and have to be combined with vowels to make a final sound. There are 32 consonant letters in Bangla.


Additional Bangla Consonant


Bangla Numeral Letters

Bangla has its own numeric symbols to denote numbers and fractions. At present, however, either Hindu or Latin numeral systems are commonly used.


Bangla Special Character Letters


Additional Bangla Letters Used for Assamese


Additional vowel Letters Used for Assamese


Additional Letters for Currency

Historic Symbols for Fractional Values

The use of these signs is not limited to currency, despite the character names.

Historic Currency Sign

Frequently Asked Questions

How many letters are in Bangla?

There are 44 letters in Bangla script. Out of them, 12 are vowel letters and remaining 32 letters are consonants.

Where is Bangla spoken?

Bangla is the national language of Bangladesh and Official language in many states of India such as West Bengal, Tripura, Barak Valley region of the State of Assam.

Additionally, it is also spoken as a secondary language in Bay of Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Delhi, Chhattisgarh Jharkhand, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Uttarakhand.

How many people speak Bangla Language?

Bangla is spoken by over 210 million people around the world.

In Bangladesh, where Bengali is the national language, it is spoken by over 100 million. It is spoken by about 85 million in many states of India, primarily in the states of West Bengal, Tripura and Assam.

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